Nina Aleksandrovna Anisimova (born St Petersburg, 27 January 1909, died Leningrad, 23 September 1979) was a Russian dancer and choreographer.
She studied at the Petrograd (later Leningrad) Ballet School with Maria Fedorovna Romanova, Alexander Shiryaev, and Agrippina Vaganova. In 1926 she graduated into the Maly Theatre of Opera and Ballet, then from 1927 to 1958 danced with GATOB (later Kirov Ballet). In 1932 she created the role of Thérèse in Vasily Vainonen's Flames of Paris, demonstrating her abilities as a character dancer.
In 1936 she choreographed her first major ballet, Andalusian Wedding (music by Emmanuel Chabrier) for the Leningrad Ballet School. Her subsequent works include Gayane (music by Aram Khachaturian, 1942) for the Kirov, Perm in which she danced the lead in the "Sabre Dance". She also choreographed Songs of the Crane (music by Stepanov and Ismagilov, 1944) for Bashkir Opera, The Magic Veil (music by Zaranek, 1947), and her own version of Scheherazade (music by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, 1950), both for the Maly Theatre, Leningrad. In 1964 she staged Swan Lake for the Royal Danish Ballet.
Between 1963 and 1974 she taught at the choreographic department of the Leningrad Conservatory. She was married to the writer Konstantin Derzhavin.